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Salt is an additive widely used throughout the world to enhance flavors. Nevertheless, it is extremely important to monitor your salt intake during pregnancy given its close relationship with serious circulatory and cardiovascular problems.
During pregnancy, even more so, dietary precautions should be extreme, since the risks not only affect the future breast, but the baby's health may also be affected, however, they should not be forgotten either the sodium needs of both. Let's see how to find balance in salt intake.
Salt provides sodium for the body, a mineral necessary for the proper functioning of the body. Sodium is one of the minerals that ensures correct cellular osmoregulation, that is, a balance between water and solutes on both sides of the cell membrane.
A low sodium intake can alter the fluid balance in the body, compromising the health of the mother and the baby since it directly affects the functioning of the placenta and its ability to maintain enough amniotic fluid surrounding the baby.
- Salt is related to fluid retention and the appearance of edema, especially in the last trimester of pregnancy.
- In addition, given the relationship between calcium and sodium - the higher the sodium intake, the lower the absorption of calcium, which is excreted in the urine - excess salt produces an increase in the mother's blood pressure, increasing the risk of preeclampsia and premature or high-risk births for mother and baby.
- Additionally, the risk of high blood pressure can be transmitted to the baby, who can develop high blood pressure problems, in addition to increasing the risk of the baby being born with low weight. Low calcium absorption can compromise bone development and fetal growth, increasing the chances of reduced intrauterine growth.
- Some studies have also suggested that a diet with excess salt prevents proper development of the kidneys, so the kidney function of the fetus can be compromised.
Actually, pregnancy is not the time to avoid salt altogetherSince sodium is necessary for maternal and fetal health, it should not be added in excess either. A healthy and balanced diet ensures a good supply of sodium for the mother and the baby, respecting the amounts of salt that were added to the pre-pregnancy meals and choosing a salt that is minimally processed.
However, if ultra-processed foods should be avoided, whose salt is not the traditional sodium chloride but monosodium glutamate, closely related to an increased risk of heart problems.
You can read more articles similar to Why control salt intake during pregnancy, in the Diet category - menus on site.