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Each child has his own learning pace and we must respect it, but we can help him develop certain skills. These exercises should be done by working both parts of the body equally. All exercises should be done very carefully, without straining the baby and carefully choosing the time when the baby is most rested or ready to pay attention.
For babies 2 to 4 months
1. Strengthen the trunk. Place the baby face down on a large ball (Pilates or a swollen beach ball) and we will swing it on the sides to strengthen the trunk.
2. Keep your balance. Face down, we will put a roller under his chest and we will hold him by the legs forward, and back as playing the wheelbarrow. We can place a toy in front of him so that he wants to take it.
3. Strengthen the neck. We will place the baby on a wedge face down and while he plays with a toy we will pass his hand over his back, since the stimuli in the back make them lift their head. We will take advantage of the toy that you have to take it from side to side so that it is held with your hands in the wedge and can raise your head more to follow the toy, it will try to catch it with one hand holding it with the other. Repeat the exercise with the other side of the body.
For babies 3 months
1. Rolling exercises. We will lay the baby on his back and raise the arm on which he is going to turn, after having practiced it several times with a toy we can stimulate him so that he is the one who turns to take the toy.
For babies 4 months
1. Strengthen your back. On a face-up wedge, we will hold his hands and help him to sit up, letting the baby force himself up. We will check that it supports the head well when getting up, when it costs less we will do it without a wedge, directly lying on a flat surface. For him to gain strength in his hands, we can give him a ring so that he can take it and we will move the ring to lift him (holding him by his little hands).
2. Learn to sit. This exercise consists of holding the arm on which you are going to lean slightly bent and helping him to sit down, resting his elbow on the floor and turning him a little until he is seated.
For babies 6 months
1. Encourage dragging. We place a toy close to the baby and we will push him a little by pushing him by the buttocks so that he comes to pick it up.
For babies 7 months
1. Stimulate the crawl. We will establish a cross pattern between two people (one in front and one behind) and we will do the crawling movement, always moving the arm and the opposite leg as if we were crawling.
For babies over 7 months
1. Reinforce crawling. When they crawl, we can play with tunnels (if we don't have a tunnel we can do it with chairs or sheets) to go inside and start putting up obstacles like toys or cushions.
For babies over 9 months
1. Walking exercises. We can use a row of chairs to lean on, a bench or a small piece of furniture to hold onto, you can also hold onto a wall to take your first steps.
2. Walking exercises. We can take a sheet and pass it over his chest to facilitate the march.
For babies over 12 months
1. Walk in balance. When they are alone we can make circuits so they can avoid toys or cushions.
You can read more articles similar to Stimulation and motor skills exercises for babies, in the category of on-site infant stimulation.