Shaken or shaken baby syndrome

Shaken or shaken baby syndrome

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A baby should never be shaken, even if parents are frustrated with the attempt to calm the crying of the little one. Shaking or shaking the baby will not reassure him, on the contrary, it will do much more damage than you think.

This damage is known as the Shaken baby syndrome. SBS is a type of trauma or brain injury that occurs when an infant or young child is violently shaken. Shaken Baby Syndrome occurs most often in babies up to one year of age, and babies two to four months old are most at risk.

Shaken baby syndrome is barely present after two years of age, but if the shaking is extremely violent it can even affect children between the ages of five and six. Parents or caregivers may think that shaking the baby will make the baby stop crying.

Parents or caregivers may be unable to cope with the reality of caring for a child and may vent their frustration with the little one. Some may not know that the results of shaking children are as devastating as they really are. However, shaking babies is NEVER okay.

The baby's neck muscles are weak and the head is large and heavy. The jolts cause the fragile brain to jump back and forth inside the skull and suffer bruising, swelling and bleeding, which can cause permanent serious brain damage or even death.

The injuries that characterize Shaken Baby Syndrome are bleeding within the brain, bleeding into the retina, damage to the spinal cord and neck, as well as fractures of the ribs and other bones. At first, these injuries may go unnoticed, but changes in the baby's or child's behavior can bring them to the fore. The shaken baby injuries They usually occur in children under 2 years of age, but can be seen in children up to 5 years of age.

There are signs that clearly show that the baby or child has been shaken and therefore has pressure on the brain. Babies have:

  • Extreme irritability
  • Convulsions
  • Vomiting
  • Inappetition to feed
  • Lethargy (extreme tiredness, lack of movement, inability to stay awake)
  • Pale or bluish skin
  • Respiratory problems
  • Physical and neurological disorders (contusions, tremors, unconsciousness or coma, etc.)

Shaking infants or young children can lead to serious consequences that are further aggravated when the shaken baby is thrown on a surface (shaken impact syndrome). SBS can cause:

  • Brain damage
  • Blindness
  • Hearing loss
  • Speech and learning disorders.
  • Mental retardation
  • Epileptic attacks
  • Damage to the neck and spine
  • Death

When the baby is admitted to hospital with symptoms of SBS, emergency measures are respiratory support and surgery to stop internal bleeding and brain bleeding. Doctors can study diagnostic images of the child's brain, using MRI or CT, to make the definitive diagnosis.

Most of the babies who survive intense shaking will have some form of neurological or mental disability, such as cerebral palsy or mental retardation, which may not be apparent until 6 years of age. They are children who may need medical care for the rest of their lives. Babies should NOT be shaken or thrown up, and no one allowed to do so. It is better to let him cry for a few moments than to cry the whole family for his whole life.

Shaking or shaking the baby, throwing him into the air and grabbing his arms to spin him ... these are just some of the 5 games or movements that parents do, without thinking about their consequences, to babies. In this video you will learn about all the games that parents unknowingly play with their babies and that can be very dangerous for their health.

Source consulted:
- National Center for Shaken Baby Syndrome.
- National Institute of Neurology, Disorders, and Strokes - NINDS

You can read more articles similar to Shaken or shaken baby syndrome, in the category of child accidents on site.

Video: Preventing Shaken Baby Syndrome (May 2022).